1. Analyze the primary causes of information management/information technology project failures and recommend at least three (3) best practices that could be adopted by any organization to avoid such failure in the future.
According to our text (Glandon, Smaltz & Slovensky 2008) "the single greatest cause of project failure is poor executing". Other primary causes of information management/information technology project failure include;
"Unclean goals and objectives"
"Objective changes during project"
"Unrealistic times or resource estimate"
"Lack of executive support and user involvement"
"Failure to communicate and act as a team"
"Inappropriate skill" (Neimat & Taimor).
Three best practices that I recommend that could be adopted by any organization to avoid such failures in the future include;
1) Organizations should "Plan the work by utilizing a "Project Definition Document"; this encompasses a definition of all details of the project; it also is the staple for the project to be performed (Mochal, 2009)
2) Organizations should "Create a Planning Horizon"; which encompasses developing the project plan after instituting the project definition, which also constitutes step by step procedures for developing the project and overseeing the project (Mochal, 2009).
3) Organizations should "Define Project Management Procedures Up Front", which encompasses and "Outline of resources that organizations implement to oversee the project; which also encompass procedures on how the organization team will "manage issues, scope change, risk, quality, communication etc." (Mochal, 2009).
2. Determine the most effective way that project metrics and portfolio management can facilitate IM IT governance. Provide specifics examples to support your response.
"As it relates to project metrics, this entity of org…
All human beings are born with a unique identity. The way we perceive ourselves, our actions, our thoughts, and interactions with one another are influenced by our identity; who we are. Our identities go beyond what we are on a daily basis and can be influenced by many factors; such as society, culture, religion, ancestral heritage, etc. In order to understand how to find our true self, we must understand that there are different types of identity's that flourish within us depending on our culture and beliefs. For instance, the ego-identity is a necessary point of reference that allows us to consider our daily experiences against what we already believe and know. The authentic-self involves our natural instincts, desires, intellect, talent and capabilities with which we are born with (Khoshaba).
After I began reading Beowulf, I asked myself, "What do you see in the poem? Is there a change? A is his identity?" Since psychology is a field of interest to me, I instantly picked up an internal identity struggle and thought I could eventually expand from it. After reading specific sections where the writer in Beowulf refers to the warrior's background and how individual reputation plays an important part in society back then, I knew that there could be a of his ego-identity and authentic-self. In the poem Beowulf, I can see the identity struggle of a young, brave warrior who atfirst was thriving through his own authentic-self only to find his ego-identity in his second battle and struggle with both in the last one in which he is ruler of Greatland at an old age.
In the beginning of the poem, I noticed how the writer introduces a world in which the male figures is known as the "father's son" which gives off the impression that ancestral heritage from the father's side was going to be essential in the development of the poem. For instance, in the translation by Seamus Heaney, lines 262-266 say,…
In Helena Maria Viramontes', “Under the Feet of Jesus”, historical factors play an integral role in depicting life as a migrant laborer. Capitalism, colonialism, racialization, as well as exploitation are a few of the forces that prove to be important in mediating the political, social, and cultural conditions of Mexican Immigrant labor. In the case of “Under the Feet of Jesus”, those conditions are portrayed through the struggles of Estrella and her migrant family.
The effects of colonialism are seen at work in Viramontes' novel. Just as the indigenous tribes of Mexico were marginalized by the Spanish, Estrella and the rest of the field laborers were being marginalized by America. After the Great Depression struck, millions of Americans were left unemployed with no source of income to sustain themselves, or their family. Politically and socially, Mexican laborers were targeted as the problem and they began to be viewed as an infestation, an infestation of aliens whom were taking American jobs from American people. Due to the pressures of unemployment the United States government began the process of repatriation. Repatriation, resulted in thousands of Mexican-Americans being deported, among those departed were US born Mexicans. Throughout the novel, Estrella expresses her fear of being sent back home to her native country. Estrella’s fears of being harassed or deported also point to her racialized status even though a citizen of the United States, she is labeled as an alien. Estrellas fears are addressed by Petra one night:
“If they stop you, if they try to pull you into the green vans, you tell them the birth certificates are under the feet of Jesus, just tell them…Tell them que tienes una madre aqui. You are not an orphan, and she pointed a red finger to the earth, Aqui.” (Viramontes 63)
The same fears that repatriation instilled in Estrella are the same fears that were felt by other field workers in the 1930&…
Because I am dyslexic, I understand what it feels like to be invisible. Unlike some other disabilities, a person does not know whether or not someone has dyslexia just by looking at him or her. While one might assume that would make dealing with dyslexia easier, sometimes as a child I wished someone would just make me wear a sign that said, "different." People were always surprised when the teacher asked me to read out loud in class, and I would clam up. Even though I had no trouble with math, any time I had to read I just could not do it. Even without a sign, it did not take other students long to figure out that I was different. They called me stupid, and, for a time, I believed them. When I watched movies and (after much toil) read books as a child, I never saw an example of someone like me who had trouble reading but could still succeed.
“Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Lightning Thief” was just the example I needed. In both the book and the movie, based upon it, the story's main character, Percy Jackson, deals with both being dyslexic and being the son of a Greek god. Chris Columbus' movie uses visuals to offer graphic representations of the different realities of living with dyslexia. Through these visuals, the audience of the film (hopefully children) learns that dyslexia does not make someone less than the norm; it just makes them different, and perhaps in some ways, even better than the norm.
Just after the beginning of the story, the movie introduces the main character with a montage of him and his best friend walking through their high school hallway. As they pass a pair fighting in the hallways, Grover, Percy Jackson's friend, says, "Not exactly high school musical"(Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Lightning Thief). This quick joke shows the viewer that Percy Jackson's high school represents a "normal" high school, not the caricature that is often seen in mov…
Americans have always wanted the "best" of things. Brand new cars, big houses, and flashy clothes have historically been an American way of life. Even in the face of extreme hardships, Americans being Americans, go to extreme measures to preserve their way of life. Of course we Americans have our liberties, our freedom, and our democracy, but other Nations do as well, but our version of democracy has a certain allure to it. Rock and Roll, Hollywood, and muscle cars were not discovered by the French! That being said, with this "American" state of mind comes with a strong sense of paranoia that someone is going to take all these things away from you. In a post war America, paranoia was the new enemy. After suffering through the Great Depression, and winning the biggest war the world has ever seen, you would think we would have been care free, and relax. Not the case at all, Americans werefirst concerned about entering in another Depression with the return of millions of out of work soldiers. The economy boomed when our soldiers came back, people had savings that they earned during the war and went shopping. So a quick summary of events in the United States, we enter a depression, come out of a depression and go to war, win the war, have the atomic bomb, and the economy is starting to boom. Life is good, but wait a second, what about those communist? Thus begins a forty-five year struggle of political ideals, Capitalism versus Communism, between two Nations, the United States versus the Soviet Union. This struggle is known as THE COLD WAR.
In 1945, the "Big Three" (Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin) met in the Yalta conference to discuss post war diplomacy and peace. One major issue between Roosevelt and Stalin was the state of Eastern Europe. To Stalin controlling Eastern Europe was important for Russia's national security. Roosevelt agreed that Poland and other Eastern European countries would fall…
In William Faulkner’s story, “As I Lay Dying”, Dewey Dell is the only woman in the Bundren family.With many responsibilities and a baby on the way, she should be thought of as the most pitiable and pitiful Bundren family member. Dewey Dell;s predicament reveals that she is stubborn and is clearly following the same behavior of many women in her same situation.
Dewey Dell, while picking cotton in the field with Lafe, has an inner monologue debating where she will go into the secret shade. Dewey Dell says, ;And so it was full when we came to the end of the row and I could not help it.;(Falkner 27). We later learn that Dewey Dell and Lafe went into the secret shade to have sex. As well she becomes pregnant and with her mother dying and her young age she decides to seek out someone who will give her an abortion. Dewey Dell is the most pitiable because of many things see does. Lafe doesn;t want the child either so he gave her 10 dollars to get an abortion and provides her with the information that she maybe able to get it at a drug store. Moseley owns thefirst drug store she reaches and it is clear that he feels pity for her. Because as he says to her, ;go home and tell your pa of your brothers if you have any of thefirst man you come to in the road…and you can go back and tell him I said so ; if he aint halfway to Texas by
now, which I don;t doubt;(Faulkner 202).
Faulkner shows his point of view on the plight of women in her same condition by using Moseley. Moseley says, ;Then I looked at her. But it;s a hard life they have;(Faulkner 202). Moseley shows that he feels bad for her because during these times when women were not treated as equal to men and that religion had a big impact on the subject. And he is providing her with option of getting a shotgun wedding so that she will not have to go through the procedure that may kill her. The fact that she is pregnant …
Napoleon was one of the most influential men in the history of France – and in fact, the world. He had a brilliant mind, set on becoming a changing factor in France. He played an integral part of making France a stronger nation, such as ending the revolution and creating the Napoleonic code. Napoleon also changed the idea of how people were judged, no longer by ancestry and wealth, but by education and endeavors. Napoleon was a great leader and was the change that France needed to make it the great country it is today.
Napoleon wanted equality for the people of France. The Napoleonic Code was developed in 1804 by Napoleon and it was used to create equality and to give opportunities to people who had the best qualifications to get government jobs, rather than automatically giving them to wealthy nobles and royals. This was also thefirst law to allow freedom of religion. The code was quickly written to replace the old laws of the feudal law system making the Napoleonic Code one of the few documents that has had influence on the world. The Napoleonic Code is still used in modern-day France, and many other European countries have based there own laws off the Code. The document helped create stability in France and aided France in the recovery after the Revolution.
Napoleon’s greatest non-military achievement was ending the French Revolution. The French Revolution was a ten year civil strife that pushed France into constant violence, disjointed governments, revolution, counter revolution, economic instability and general uncertainty. Many factions tried to gain control such as Jacobins, nobles, and rebels. Napoleon was extremely successful during his military campaigns and well thought of by the public. The people of France loved Napoleon for being a brave and intelligent general, making him a great candidate to become the new leader of France. On November 9th, 1799, Napoleon staged the coup and became the Emperor of France, putting…
“Human trafficking, at its most basic level, is defined by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 as (a) the recruitment, harboring, transporting, supplying, or obtaining a person for labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for involuntary servitude or slavery; or (b) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform sex acts is under 18 years of age” (Hunt, Logan & Walker, 2009). “There is speculation that human trafficking is the third largest profitable trafficking activity after drug and gun trafficking” (Hyland, 2001). Why is this crime so profitable and why has it gone unnoticed for so long? “This price is too good to be true!” You may have wondered to yourself how some goods and services can afford to operate with such low prices. There may be more behind the curtains than you would care to know. Human trafficking has gotten mass media attention recently, especially involving children. Movies, documentaries, news shows, and print sources are exposing a quiet crime that has been operating within the United States and many other nations around the world for many years unnoticed. The question is…what is human trafficking and why are children a target? I intend to define the crime of human trafficking, discover its implications, and evaluate the laws and protections enacted at this time for the purpose of creating new ways of ending this horrible epidemic and protecting basic human rights.
“Human trafficking, at its most basic level, is defined by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 as (a) the recruitment, harboring, transporting, supplying, or obtaining a person for labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for involuntary servitude or slavery; or (b) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform sex acts…
In 1865, after the Civil War, the United States became a united and powerful nation with a strong national government. Andrew Johnson set policies which were different for black and white people. According to Walter L. Fleming in "The Mississippi Black Code,” laws were passed after the Civil War that drastically limited civil rights and the liberties of black people. In the beginning, freedmen and black people faced discrimination, violence, and segregation, but black leaders continued working diligently and with the passage of time, equality took form.
Black Code is used to refer to legislation which was passed by Southern states at the end of the Civil War to control the labor and movement of slaves. During 1865, every Southern state passed Black Codes that restricted the freedman. These codes gave African Americans certain rights: such as legalized marriage, ownership of property and limited access to the courts, but denied them the rights to testify against whites, to serve on juries or in state militias, or to vote and express legal concern publicly. This document was written by Fleming during 1906 – 1907.The author wrote this article to explain the history of black people and about their troubles they had faced during the reconstruction period. When white people make their government, they made their own rules. According to Vagrant Law in sec 2, state of Mississippi required all black persons to sign yearly labor contract but not white citizens. The reason was that white people wanted to keep black people under their controls. They want to keep all black people as slave. That's why black people used to get low wages and they could not leave the job because if they did, they would have been arrested and got fined, which was more than 10 dollars and less than 100 dollars.
Furthermore, they were facing discrimination for everything. Freedmen and black people were not allowed to marry white girls. If …
Covey's "Seven Habits of Highly Effective People" have truly changed my life in a positive way. Before starting to read the book, I thought I was going to find myself with one of those books with difficult concepts to understand and to relate with, however, from the beginning of the begging of the book I was able to connect myself to the author's ideas. Reading about what the author and his wife were going through while they were raising their son was helpful to me, as Covey tells us, his book was inspired by a familiar crisis he and his wife were going through as they were raising their child. Their child was having a hard time keeping up academically and socially. The child was falling behind his classmates in most respects. Thefirst thing the author, Covey and his wife, Sandra tried to do was to motivate his son, to reach such goal they employed phrases such as "that's good son" "keep it up" however, Covey, soon realized that they were employing the wrong strategy, what they were doing wasn't in harmony with the way they perceived their son. Consequently, they started to change themselves, they decided to focus on themselves rather than on their son, they gave up the idea of wanting to change their child, rather, they decided to start valuing their son's uniqueness. The result of such new behavior adopted by Covey and his wife was a child who started to excel academically, as well as in other areas.
Such introduction to the book led me to evaluate the way I was doing things at work. I used to be the typical employee who is complaining about his employer, I remember many times wishing to change many of the behaviors of my supervisors, this was the result of me disliking the fact the most of them never seemed to listen to the employees nor they seemed to know how to motivate the employees. I believed they were making a big mistake by failing to listen to employees, given tha…